The energy industry in Russia
Russia a global powerhouse in the energy sector in every sense of the word with a huge oil and gas industry as well as a strong presence in the mining sector. Currently the 3rd largest producer of oil in the world, the main regions of oil production in Russia are Western Siberia, Volga-Ural, Krasnoyarsk, Sakhalin, Komi Republic, Arkhangelsk, Irkutsk, and Yakutiya. In total, Russia produces 12% of the world’s oil and their industry is dominated by the two state owned oil companies, Rosneft and Gazprom, the latter of which is the world’s largest gas production and exploration company. In addition to oil, Russia is the world’s largest producer natural gas exporter and it has the world’s largest proven natural gas reserves according to some sources. Russia, due its’ vast geographical area, is also one of the leading producers of various minerals including diamonds, coal, iron, gold and ore.